ABC: Verb "to be" - Questions [3/6]

So, now we know how to do affirmative and negative sentences. Time to level up: let's ask questions with verb "to be"!

First, we have to understand that sentences and questions do not follow the same formula or structure. In questions, the structure is backwards to sentences. So, pay attention to the next formula to ask questions:

Verb "to be" + pronoun + adjective or noun + ?


As you can see, in questions we have verb "to be" + "pronoun". In sentences, is the other way around: Pronoun + verb "to be". So, be careful! If you don't master this difference, your questions are going to be wrong.

Also, remember to use the question mark (?) at the end of each question!

Here are some examples to help you understand how to ask questions with each pronoun and/or subject:

  • Am I a teacher? / Am I 17 years old? / Am I Lucía?
  • Is he a student? / Is he 24 years old? / Is José handsome?
  • Is she a studen? / Is Lorena 17 years old? / Is Jossie cute?
  • Is it a pencil? / Is it black? / Is it pretty?
  • Are you a teacher? / Are you 24 years old? / Are you ok?
  • Are we teachers? / Are Joshua and I 12 years old? / Are we cute?
  • Are they students? / Are Maria and Juana 19 years old? / Are Lucía, Kenneth and Pablo beautiful?
  • Are you teachers? / Are Pablo and you 18 years old? / Are Juliana, Lina and Tamara cute?

To ask questions, you just need two things: to remember this formula and to practice.

Next time we are going to learn how to do affirmative answers to this verb "to be" questions.

ABC: Verb "to be" - Negative Sentences [2/6]

Now we know how to do affirmative sentences with verb "to be", so let's do some negative sentences! It's super easy! You just need a "NOT". Here's the formula to do negative sentences with verb "to be":

Pronoun + Verb "to be" + not + Adjective or Noun.


Remember to use verb "to be" accordingly to each pronoun or subject. Also, remember that "not" goes right after verb "to be". Here are some examples for you:

  • I am not a student. / I am not 17 years old. / I am not Lucía.
  • He is not a student. / Josué is not 93 years old. / Carl is not ugly.
  • She is not a teacher. / Andrea is not 5 years old. / Lucía is not weird.
  • It is not a pencil. / It is not black. / The dog is not ugly.
  • You are not a teacher. / You are not 17 years old. / You are not ugly.
  • We are not students. / We are not 10 years old. / Matías and I are not lost.
  • They are not teachers. / They are not 15 years old. / Joshua, Matías and Juliana are not weird.
  • You are not students. / You are not 25 years old. / You and José are not ugly.

I hope this helps you!

Next time, we are going to learn how to ask questions with verb "to be".

ABC: Verb "to be" - Affirmative Sentences [1/6]

In English, one of the most importan verbs is "to be". In Spanish, that would be the "ser" and "estar" verbs.

Now that we know the personal pronouns, we can learn how to use verb "to be" with each personal pronoun. Check out the next image:



For affirmative sentences with verb "to be" you just have to follow the next formula:

Pronoun + Verb "to be" + Adjective or Noun.


Here are some examples of basic affirmative sentences with verb "to be". You can also change pronouns for subjects, as in the examples:

  • I am a teacher. / I am 14 years old. / I am Hector.
  • He is a student. / Juan is 17 years old. / She is Julia. / Susana is pretty.
  • It is a pencil. / It is black.
  • You are students. / You are 14 years old. / You and Maria are funny.
  • We are students. / We are 27 years old. / Joshua and I are hungry.
  • They are students. / Joshua and Maria are 17 years old. / They are handsome.

Next time we are going to learn how to do negative sentences with verb "to be".

ABC - Personal pronouns

Personal pronouns in English are really easy. As always, we just have to practice to learn them correctly! ;) In the following list you can check out how to write and /pronounce/ each personal pronoun. 'Hope this helps you!

Here you go!:

Singular:

  • First person, singular: I. /ai/. (Spanish: Yo).
  • Second person, singular: You. /iu/. (Spanish: Tú, usted, vos).
  • Third person, singular, male: He. /ji/. (Spanish: Él).
  • Third person, singular, female: She. /shi/. (Spanish: Ella).
  • Third person, singular, things and animals: It. /it/. (Spanish: Eso, esto).

Plural:

  • First person, plural, male and female: We. /wi/. (Spanish: Nosotros, nosotras).
  • Second person, plural: You. /iu/. (Spanish: Ustedes).
  • Third person, plural, male and female: They. /ðei/ (Spanish: Ellos, ellas).

Important!

  • Notice that the pronoun "You" can be used for both singular and plural.
  • Remember the sound "th", represented like this /ð/. You have to put your tongue between your teeth to make that sound.

ABC - Numbers: Pronunciation

Numbers are really easy in English. All we need is to practice their pronunciation. For that, remember:

  • The "V" is kind of the bastard daughter of "B" and "F". In numbers like "eleven" (11), the "v" sound is a mixture of both "b" and "f". 
  • As we learn with the Alphabet, in English the "I" sounds like /ai/ (for Spanish speakers). This applies in numbers like "five" (5), pronounced /faif/. Remember the "v" sound too!
  • There are times in which the "I" sounds like /i/. For example, "fifteen" (15). /fiftin/.
  • There's a huge difference between "17" and "70". The first is "seventeen" and the second is "seventy". The difference in pronunciation is that last "n" in 17: /seventin/. 70: /seventi/. This applies for the rest of the numbers like "15" vs. "50"; "18" vs. "80", etc. 

Here's an image with numbers, but remember that you have a list in your English Book.


I want you to visit this website and listen to the number's pronunciation too. Any questions you have, you can ask them in class.

Websites you must visit!


Activities you should do!

  1. Basic 1
  2. Basic 2
  3. Basic 3

ABC - Listening: Alphabet and words

Now that we know the alphabet, let's practice the sound of the letters in some words. This game is really easy and will help you to improve your listening skills and even your pronunciation. Have fun!

Clic to play!

Websites you must visit!

ABC - Alphabet: Pronunciation

English alphabet is similar to Spanish alphabet. Here's an image with the correct pronunciation for each letter and a video to help you practice your pronunciation. Have fun!





Websites you must visit!